In Europe, Homo erectus must have felt the increasing cold very keenly. They had evolved in the warmth of the Africanplain and did not have the protection of thick fur, like the mammals that had lived in these cold regions for a long period. Doubtless, many creatures, in such circumstances, would have moved to warmer parts or died out. These humans being dexterous and inventive hunted for furred animals, stripped the skins from their dead bodies and used the skin for themselves. They also found shelter in caves.
These humans' living sites have been discovered in great numbers in southern France and Spain. Along the great limestone valleys of central France such as the Dordogne and in the foothills of the Pyrenees, the cliffs are riddled with caves. From the archaeological evidence there appears to be no significant difference between these people who lived in the caves of France 35 000 years ago and ourselves. Anthropologists, accordingly, have given these people the same name as they use, somewhat immodestly, for all modern humans - Homo sapiens, Wise Man.