Antelope: Safety in herds
On the edges of the plains in the open bush, where a small amount of vegetation cover still occurs, antelope such as the dik-dik (Madoqua) live alone or in pairs within territories that they mark and defend very like their forest-dwelling relations do. Farther out in the open, where concealment is no longer possible, the antelope seek safety in numbers, gathering together in large herds. They lift their heads regularly from grazing to look around, and with so many sharp eyes and sensitive nostrils on the alert, it is more difficult for a hunter to take the herd by surprise. If an attack does eventually come, then the fleeing herd makes it difficult for a predator to target onto an individual prey item.