Learning Objectives Chapter 2: Questions 1-4

Participants should understand that in order to manage the coastal zone

it is firstly necessary to define the coastal zone. The coastal zone is defined differently for various levels of government (local, provincial and national government) and at the regional or international levels. It is important to understand the change in jurisdiction (from local government to national government) within a particular coastal area, especially as one move further away from the shoreline. Participants should also know that physical, social, and economic factors determine the extent of the coastal area. This is because the coastal area is characterized by the need to balance or manage environmental concerns with developmental needs.

In order to achieve the learning objective, participants have in some instances have obtain information through interviews, enquiries, request for documents, observation (taking photographs).

Learning Objectives - Chapter 2: Questions 5-11

Participants should realise the importance of UNCLOS III, as it not only gives ownership of the coastal zone to coastal states but also the responsibility to manage it. This link between ownership and responsibility has been slowly realised by nations as UNCLOS III touches on almost every aspect of coastal use at the national and international levels. Participants should realise that if a country signed or accedes to UNCLOS III that the next logical step for that country would be to implement integrated coastal management programmes. Even so, this is not the case due to priority assigned to development, budgetary constraints, and other factors.

Learning Objectives - Chapter 2: Questions 12-17

Participants should understand that there are different measures used (some more useful than others) to specify the importance of the coast, for example, coastal-area ratio, and gross domestic product (GDP). 

The coast is defined more by human activity than through physical processes. Coastal activity leads to the settlement and influx of people to the coast, putting more pressure on coastal resources. Participants should also realise that although this is true, there is a broader and more controversial perspective on the population issue, namely resource use by the North as compared to the South.

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