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Course Documents

Document:Alexander1.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/23/2005 2:29:29 PM

Description: This is part one of a piece in the Farmer's Weekly by Will Alexander refuting claims of global warming. Prof. Alexander is Professor Emeritus, Department of Civil and Biosystems Engineering, University of Pretoria. This article made available by the kind permission of Famers' Weekly Magazine.

Document: Alexander2.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/23/2005 2:32:09 PM

Description: The second part of Prof Alexander's refutation of global warming. Also have a look at : http://www.scienceinafrica.co.za/2004/april/climate.htm This article made available by the kind permission of Farmers' Weekly Magazine.

Document:Halpin_EcoApp_1997_Management_response.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/21/2005 12:31:10 PM

Description: Halpin, P.N., "Global Climate Change and Natural Area Protection: Management Reponses and Research Directions", 1997, Ecological Applications, Vol 7, No 3..................................... A paper discussing the response options available and avenues of research that should be pursued in order to expand the available options for conservation area management in response to climate change. Note that some of these areas have been explored since the paper was published, whilst others have not.

Document:Hoffert_2002_technological_solutions.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/13/2005 4:25:47 PM

Description: Hoffert, M.I., et al, "Advanced Technology Paths to Global Climate Stability: Energy for a Greenhouse Planet", 2002, Science 298, pp 981- 987..............................This paper discusses possible alternative methods of generating power to minimise the climate change impacts. There is a definite focus on high technology, although not all of the options seem too far-fetched.

Document:Malcolm_Markham_2000_WWF.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/14/2005 4:51:47 PM

Description: Malcolm, J.R. and Markham, A. "Global Warming and Terrestrial Biodiversity Decline", 2000, WWF periodical, WWF. A discussion paper on the effects of climate change on biodiversity worldwide. Conjectures are made on the basis on the required migration rate for species to track the changing climate. It is interesting that the RMRs for some of the biomes modelled are orders of magnitude higher than those observed after the last glacial maximum.

Document: Midgley_etal_Alexander_reply1.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/23/2005 2:40:00 PM

Description: The reply to Prof Alexander's refutation of climate change from several respected scientists (also published in the Farmer's Weekly). This article made available by the kind permission of Farmers' Weekly Magazine.

Document: Midgley_etal_Alexander_reply2.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/23/2005 2:45:31 PM

Description: The second part of the reply to Prof Alexander's refutation of climate change. This article made available by the kind permission of Farmers' Weekly magazine.

Document:Nyong2005.PDF: Up-loaded: 9/20/2005 4:52:28 PM

Description: Nyong, A. "Impacts of Climate Change in the Tropics: The African Experience", 2000, UK Meteorology Office's Symposium on "Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change" in Exeter..........................................................A discussion of the likely effects of global climate change on Africa, including biodiversity, health, food security and displacement issues.

Document:TAR01_climate_system_overview.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 5:43:41 PM

Description: An overview of the IPCC report, and an outline of natural and anthropogenic climate change effects. This overview provides a broad-scale perspective on the IPCC findings

Document:TAR02_Observed_variability_and_change.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 5:48:05 PM

Description: This second chapter of the IPCC report describes the extent of the variability from previous norms, and appraises to what extent this is the result of anthropogenic change. This is a large chapter!

Document: TAR03_Carbon_cycle_and_CO2.PDF: Up-loaded: 932047 8/27/2005 5:52:44 PM

Description: The third chapter of the IPCC report summarizes the current knowledge about the carbon cycle, including the action of CO2 on the atmosphere. It highlights the human sources and effects on atmospheric CO2, and discusses future (and palaeo) trends in the carbon cycle.

Document:TAR04_Greenhouse_Gases.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 6:27:38 PM

Description: Chapter 4 looks at the effects of greenhouse gases and a changing atmospheric chemistry on climate change. It also looks at future projections of outputs and their effects. There is a lot to discuss here.

Document:TAR05_Aerosols_Direct_effects.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 6:09:58 PM

Description: Chapter 5 looks at the effects of aerosols on the atmosphere, and the effects of future changes in aerosol concentration on climate change. There is a lot still to be understood on the actions of aerosols.

Document:TAR06_Radiative_Forcing.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 6:04:32 PM

Description: Chapter 6 discusses the causes and effects of radiative forcings in the atmosphere on time scales ranging from the solar to anthropogenic. This paper is relatively technical, but a fair bit can be learned from it!

Document:TAR07_Physical_processes_and_feedbacks.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 6:03:32 PM

Description: Chapter 7 looks at the physical processes driving the earth's climate (in terms of oceanic, terrestrial and atmospheric interactions), and details some of the feedback processes that drive and limit change. A little technical, but very interesting

Document:TAR08_Model_Evaluation.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 6:33:05 PM

Description: Goes into relatively good detail about which models are usefully applied to what scenarios, and illustrates the effectiveness (and limitations) of the models for climate change prediction.

Document:TAR09_Future_projections.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/27/2005 6:31:31 PM

Description: Discusses the probable outcomes of future climate change. Be warned - there are nearly as many projections as there are modellers, and although the paper does a good job of making sense of this vast volume of data, it is still a lot to go through!

Document:TAR10_Regional_climate_information.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/30/2005 1:26:10 PM

Description: Chapter 10 goes into the detail of regional climate modelling, and the difficulty and processes of downscaling GCM outputs for regions to a scale that is useful for planning. Expect a lot of tehcnical detail on the workings of models.

Document:TAR11_Sea_level_changes.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/30/2005 1:32:01 PM

Description: This chapter discusses the projections of future sea level rise, both in the near future, and overall. It analyses current trends, and determines the likely causes of sea level rise.

Document:TAR12_Detection_of_change.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/30/2005 1:57:09 PM

Description: This Chapter discusses the processes involved in detection of climate change (through measurement, modelling, and proxy data). Particularly interesting is the process of attribution of causes of change.

Document:TAR13_Scenario_development.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/30/2005 1:41:29 PM

Description: This describe show the IUPCC evolved the future emissions scenarios for standardising GCM ouputs. It describes the baselines, regional downscaling, and the element of uncertainty in these scenarios

Document:TAR14_Advancing_our_understanding.PDF: Up-loaded: 8/30/2005 1:50:27 PM

Description: This is more of a concept document than anything else, describing those areas in which scientists need to concentrate in order to expand our knowledge of climate change.