Slide 18: Land required in extended PAN
An assessment of the amount of land which would be required to adequately protect all proteas threatened by climate change showed a total area of more than 430 000 hectares. However, of this land, nearly 132 600 is already in type 2 formal reserves, leaving a shortfall of almost 300 000 hectares. 44 561 hectares of this is already conserved within conservancies, and a further 342 hectares in the core of the Kogelberg Biosphere reserve, leaving 252 000 hectares still required. The biosphere reserve is typified by a buffer area in which minimal impact activities are engaged, including conservation, so another 5152 ha is conserved in this area. Thus, the final area required is 247 639 ha. The state owns just over 6 000 ha of this, and could feasibly grant it as conservation areas. However, 241 500ha of the required total (just over half) falls within the bounds of privately-owned land. Clearly, this means that climate change protection for the proteas must necessarily engage with landowners in some form, and on a large scale.