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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: AIACC: Climate Change and Conservation Planning
    1. Chapter1: Evidence for climate change
      1. Chapter 2: Global circulation models
        1. Chapter 4: Biodiversity responses to past changes in climate
          1. Chapter 5: Adaptation of biodiversity to climate change
            1. Chapter 6: Approaches to niche-based modelling
              1. Chapter 7: Ecosystem function modelling
                1. Chapter 8: Climate change implications for conservation planning
                  1. Chapter 9: The economic costs of conservation response options for climate change
                    1. Slide 1: The economic costs of conservation response options to climate change: the case of the Cape Floristic Region
                    2. Slide 2: Outline
                    3. Slide 3: Aim & objectives
                    4. Slide 4: Response options to climate change
                    5. Slide 5: Total cost (TC) versus total economic value (TEV)
                    6. Slide 6: The components of total economic value
                    7. Slide 7: Determinants of cost of PAN
                    8. Slide 8: Study Area
                    9. Slide 9: Habitat classes and associated management requirements
                    10. Slide 10: Methods
                    11. Slide 11: Types of cost
                    12. Slide 12: Once-off costs of acquiring different habitat types
                    13. Slide 13: Operating cost per various park sizes
                    14. Slide 14: Capital requirement per park size
                    15. Slide 15: Cost of gene/ seed banking
                    16. Slide 16: Providing incentives to private landowners
                    17. Slide 17: Types of incentives
                    18. Slide 18: Land required in extended PAN
                    19. Slide 19: Total costs of expanding protected area network
                    20. Slide 20: Benefits associated with different adaptation options
                    21. Slide 21: Test yourself
                    22. Slide 22: Links to other chapters
                  2. Course Resources
                    1. Practical: Conservation for Climate Change
                      1. Tests to Assess your Understanding
                        1. How to run a GAM model in R

                          Slide 13: Operating cost per various park sizes

                          Duration: 00:00:42


                          This graph shows the relationship between the operating costs per km2(X-axis) and the park size. From the graph it can be seen that smaller areas clearly have a higher operating cost compared with larger areas. This is due to economies of scale, which carry over into many facets of park management, Furthermore, areas within larger parks are often more inaccessible, which means that there is less human impact and therefore less management required for these areas. Ecological monitoring is essential in smaller parks, since change can occur very rapidly over a small area, whilst the concomitant costs are greatly reduced for larger parks. Thus there is a need to identify optimal park size.