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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: AIACC: Climate Change and Conservation Planning
    1. Chapter1: Evidence for climate change
      1. Chapter 2: Global circulation models
        1. Chapter 4: Biodiversity responses to past changes in climate
          1. Chapter 5: Adaptation of biodiversity to climate change
            1. Chapter 6: Approaches to niche-based modelling
              1. Chapter 7: Ecosystem function modelling
                1. Chapter 8: Climate change implications for conservation planning
                  1. Chapter 9: The economic costs of conservation response options for climate change
                    1. Slide 1: The economic costs of conservation response options to climate change: the case of the Cape Floristic Region
                    2. Slide 2: Outline
                    3. Slide 3: Aim & objectives
                    4. Slide 4: Response options to climate change
                    5. Slide 5: Total cost (TC) versus total economic value (TEV)
                    6. Slide 6: The components of total economic value
                    7. Slide 7: Determinants of cost of PAN
                    8. Slide 8: Study Area
                    9. Slide 9: Habitat classes and associated management requirements
                    10. Slide 10: Methods
                    11. Slide 11: Types of cost
                    12. Slide 12: Once-off costs of acquiring different habitat types
                    13. Slide 13: Operating cost per various park sizes
                    14. Slide 14: Capital requirement per park size
                    15. Slide 15: Cost of gene/ seed banking
                    16. Slide 16: Providing incentives to private landowners
                    17. Slide 17: Types of incentives
                    18. Slide 18: Land required in extended PAN
                    19. Slide 19: Total costs of expanding protected area network
                    20. Slide 20: Benefits associated with different adaptation options
                    21. Slide 21: Test yourself
                    22. Slide 22: Links to other chapters
                  2. Course Resources
                    1. Practical: Conservation for Climate Change
                      1. Tests to Assess your Understanding
                        1. How to run a GAM model in R

                          Slide 11: Types of cost

                          Duration: 00:01:04


                          A quick assessment of the types of cost that have to be considered when looking at the total economic value of conservation options.

                          The first type of cost is that of land acquisition. This involves the buying of land, and of course, the cost of the land differs according to the use to which it has historically and is currently being put. Operating costs for a protected area network are highly variable, and include salaries, field allowances, equipment, transport and maintenance costs. It also includes provisions for senior field staff and research staff, who necessarily command higher salaries or consultancy fees. The capital requirements apply only to new reserves, and include all manner of infrastructure, as well as the costs of rehabilitation of newly-purchased land. Finally, the costs of ex-situ conservation include the costs of both gene banking and seed banking. No assessment of botanical gardens or zoos were made, because it is unlikely that these are options that can readily be embarked upon at this late date, and established institutions do not have much capacity to expand.