Slide 4: Response options to climate change
The response options for adaptation to climate change include no response at all, in which case species may well be lost due to changing climatic conditions. Another option is land acquisition for new reserves, although this is likely to be both expensive and politically challenging. An alternative to purchase would be matrix management, with conservation occurring on privately-owned land. Failing that, ex-situ conservation of species in areas outside of the wild (such as gene banking, botanical gardens and zoos) is a viable option for species preservation, but not ecosystem maintenance. Translocation of species or assisted dispersal to areas of higher suitability after climate change might be some sort of middle ground between these options.