Slide 29: Current trends I
A number of current trends are impacting on conservation. One consequence of the colonial period is that most resources were owned by the state. This was particularly true for the communal areas. A current trend is devolution of resource ownership from the state back to local communities that own the land, and allowing them to truly manage the land. Growth in tourism revenue is also an important driver because of the links between tourism and conservation. This has been driven by a number of factors, many of which relate to changes in agriculture. This is driven by changes in agricultural subsidies, real-term declines in world food prices, and a globalization of markets. For instance, cattle have become far less profitable, and game revenue and tourism revenue is seen as far more favourable for many, particularly of the more arid areas.