Slide 26 : Pressures on conventional conservation
A number of pressures have caused changes in the old conservation paradigm. Firstly population growth means that there aren't large unpopulated areas left in Africa. Instead there is a growing population adjacent to conservation areas and these people in many instances have poor livelihoods and are desperate for land. Equally there's an inability of police to police the conservation areas. This is largely due to changes in budgets but also because of the increased population pressure. Equally there's a change in political priorities: social issues are seen far more as a priority than they were in the past. Land is no longer available for the expansion of conservation areas, and there is a general cut in expenditure on conservation in favour of more social development.