Slide 11: What constitutes conservation
Conservation of biodiversity takes place at a number of different levels. There are formally recognized reserves (often considered IUCN reserves). These are typically the nature reserves. But there are also a lot of other protected areas that act as areas for biodiversity protection that are less formally recognized, things like state forests, wildlife management or hunting areas and particularly private game reserves in some of the southern African countries like South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia. These are often not reflected in conservation statistics. In addition, there are a number of other areas that provide a limited degree of conservation, that are not considered in conservation statistics at all. These are things like unused farmlands and farming practices that have a low impact on biodiversity.