Slide 7: Colonial conservation
Conservation as we know it started in the late 19th and early 20th century, and followed two parallel paths. Firstly there were the large game and nature reserves that we are most familiar with. These evolved predominantly from hunting areas, predominantly to provide protection for the large mammals that were hunted previously. Some of these have evolved into being eco-tourism areas, but the predominant land use on these areas has been strict preservation and preservationist attitudes. In a parallel move, there were a number of forest reserves created through the sub-region. These were normally created for sustainable harvesting of valuable wood species, and in some cases protection of indigenous forests. Forest reserves were also set up in many cases for catchment reserve purposes.