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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: AIACC: Climate Change and Conservation Planning
    1. Chapter1: Evidence for climate change
      1. Chapter 2: Global circulation models
        1. Chapter 4: Biodiversity responses to past changes in climate
          1. Chapter 5: Adaptation of biodiversity to climate change
            1. Slide 1: Adaptation of biodiversity to climate change
            2. Slide 2: Introduction
            3. Slide 3: Adaptation I
            4. Slide 4: Adaptation II
            5. Slide 5: Bringing together conservation planning and climate research
            6. Slide 6: Formation of the current conservation network
            7. Slide 7: Colonial conservation
            8. Slide 8: Features of early conservation
            9. Slide 9: Where were reserves located
            10. Slide 10: Ecoregions of Southern Africa
            11. Slide 11: What constitutes conservation
            12. Slide 12: Mopane woodland
            13. Slide 13: Mopane is more than adequately conserved
            14. Slide 14: Hotspots of biodiversity in South Africa
            15. Slide 15: Southern African bioregions
            16. Slide 16 : Succulent Karoo
            17. Slide 17: Fynbos
            18. Slide 18: Reserves in the fynbos region
            19. Slide 19: Extent of conservation versus "need" for conservation. Two extremes
            20. Slide 20: Reserves in Madagascar
            21. Slide 21: Reserves in other SADC countries
            22. Slide 22: Conserved area in seven Southern Africa countries
            23. Slide 23: Number of parks in seven Southern Africa countries
            24. Slide 24: Contribution of private land to conservation
            25. Slide 25: Old trends
            26. Slide 26 : Pressures on conventional conservation
            27. Slide 27: New trends I
            28. Slide 28: New trends II
            29. Slide 29: Current trends I
            30. Slide 30: Contribution of private land to conservation in South Africa
            31. Slide 31 : Current trends II
            32. Slide 32 : Adaptation responses
            33. Slide 33: Persists or expands
            34. Slide 34: Autonomous adaptation / migration
            35. Slide 35: Facilitated migration
            36. Slide 36: Preservation
            37. Slide 37: Conclusion I
            38. Slide 38: Conclusion II
            39. Slide 39: Test yourself
            40. Slide 40:Links to other chapters
          2. Chapter 6: Approaches to niche-based modelling
            1. Chapter 7: Ecosystem function modelling
              1. Chapter 8: Climate change implications for conservation planning
                1. Chapter 9: The economic costs of conservation response options for climate change
                  1. Course Resources
                    1. Practical: Conservation for Climate Change
                      1. Tests to Assess your Understanding
                        1. How to run a GAM model in R

                          Slide 3: Adaptation I

                          Duration: 00:01:18


                          From the perspective of a biological organism, there are several ways a species may adapt to changing climate. Firstly, they may be persisters. That is, they may be pre-adapted to the new climate, and will therefore persist in the new climatic envelope.

                          Dispersers are organism that will move with the climatic envelope - in other words, they will "track" the climate. They may be able to do this autonomously, or they may be facilitated dispersers that require human assistance in order to find their new habitat.

                          It is also likely that some species will benefit from the changed climatic conditions, and their range will grow due to the new climatic envelope being better suited to them than the previous envelope. Hence, these species are termed expanders.

                          We have excluded evolution as an adaptation option available to species under the current conditions of climate change. This is on the basis that the current rate of climate change is understood to be considerably faster than anything historically experienced, and it is unlikely that any species other than those with the shortest life cycles will be able to evolve at the same rate. This does not exclude the possibility that some species will adapt in the future to more stable climatic conditions after the change process is complete.