Slide 5: How does the climate work?
The global climate system is a result of the link of atmosphere, oceans, the ice sheets (cryosphere), living organisms (biosphere) and the soils, sediments and rocks (geosphere), each of which will be considered in greater detail after this.
Each of these systems is integrally connected to the others, and energy exchanges between and within systems, as well as other interactions (such as the provision of nuclei for rain droplet formation) determine climatic condtions.
However, despite the interconnectedness, an explanation must clearly focus on aspects separately, and the linkages between these systems.
Climate models allow us to study these aspects of the systems independently.
GCMs stitch these individual models together through a process of linkages, the development of which has taken many years and a great degree of understanding of the climate