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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: AIACC: Climate Change and Conservation Planning
    1. Chapter1: Evidence for climate change
      1. Chapter 2: Global circulation models
        1. Chapter 4: Biodiversity responses to past changes in climate
          1. Chapter 5: Adaptation of biodiversity to climate change
            1. Chapter 6: Approaches to niche-based modelling
              1. Chapter 7: Ecosystem function modelling
                1. Chapter 8: Climate change implications for conservation planning
                  1. Chapter 9: The economic costs of conservation response options for climate change
                    1. Slide 1: The economic costs of conservation response options to climate change: the case of the Cape Floristic Region
                    2. Slide 2: Outline
                    3. Slide 3: Aim & objectives
                    4. Slide 4: Response options to climate change
                    5. Slide 5: Total cost (TC) versus total economic value (TEV)
                    6. Slide 6: The components of total economic value
                    7. Slide 7: Determinants of cost of PAN
                    8. Slide 8: Study Area
                    9. Slide 9: Habitat classes and associated management requirements
                    10. Slide 10: Methods
                    11. Slide 11: Types of cost
                    12. Slide 12: Once-off costs of acquiring different habitat types
                    13. Slide 13: Operating cost per various park sizes
                    14. Slide 14: Capital requirement per park size
                    15. Slide 15: Cost of gene/ seed banking
                    16. Slide 16: Providing incentives to private landowners
                    17. Slide 17: Types of incentives
                    18. Slide 18: Land required in extended PAN
                    19. Slide 19: Total costs of expanding protected area network
                    20. Slide 20: Benefits associated with different adaptation options
                    21. Slide 21: Test yourself
                    22. Slide 22: Links to other chapters
                  2. Course Resources
                    1. Practical: Conservation for Climate Change
                      1. Tests to Assess your Understanding
                        1. How to run a GAM model in R

                          Slide 19: Total costs of expanding protected area network

                          Duration: 00:01:44


                          The total costs of expanding the protected area network are considerable. The basics for the protected area network would be a new reserve system based on the 6182 hectares of state-owned land, which has in principle agreed to donate the land for free. Capital costs and operating costs for this land would be relatively low, but clearing aliens off the land is likely to be an expensive and time-consuming affair, weighing in at over 10 million US$. The reserve would then be connected by a matrix of contractual reserves on private land, allowing for gene flow, and movement corridors for the species under consideration. This area is by far the bulk of the expanded protected area network, and establishment of contractual reserves is estimated to cost as much as 240 000 dollars, with another 780 000 dollars set aside for annual monitoring. However, once again the alien control and removal costs are likely to be the bulk of the damage, weighing in at a snip under 394 million US$! Furthermore, the conservation policy needs to take into account those species which are predicted to go extinct, and therefore can only be preserved through gene and seed banking. The total costs for this process (there are no initial capital requirements because SANBI already has a gene bank in operation) are approximately 95 000 dollars - a fraction of the cost of setting up and running the reserve and conservation matrix. In total, then, this theoretical process would cost nearly 406 million dollars, which is considerably more than the Western Cape is likely to assign to a conservation budget in the near future.