Slide 34: Autonomous adaptation / migration
Many species, both plant and animal, will have the ability to move through the landscape to track their preferred climate as the climate envelope moves through the landscape. Providing these species are not already threatened, and providing there are migratory routes available to them, then no further action may be needed. However, it is very likely that for many species, there is a necessity to conserve migratory pathways. This could be through formal conservation, or could be through managing the matrix, in other words the land outside of conservation areas, that forms migratory pathways. Care must be taken to ensure that pathways are suitable for species, for instance many species might not be able to migrate over different soil types. Land transformation also is likely to be a large barrier to migration. For all species, careful monitoring will be needed to ensure that they are able to migrate. Strategic conservation planning needs to consider future habitats and species patterns.