The adaptable Macaque monkey
The Macaque monkey (Macaca) is one of the most adaptable of primates capable of surviving in extreme conditions. There are about six different species and subspecies distributed from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. One group (Macaca sylvana) lives on Gibraltar, the only non-human primate living naturally in Europe.
The Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) is one of the commonest monkeys in India, often living close to urban areas. In Indonesia the crab-eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) has become a competent swimmer and dives in the mangrove swamps for crabs and other crustaceans. In Malaysia, the pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) has been trained to harvest coconuts. The Japanese Macaque (Macaca fuscata) is the most northerly living monkeys and has a shaggy coat to protect it from the cold winters.
Macaques spend most of their time on the ground. Their hands and eyes, inherited from an arboreal existence, together with adaptive learning abilities have permitted a successful transition to a terrestrial existence.