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Propalaeotherium

Propalaeotherium

Propalaeotherium as reconstructed for the documentary

An early horse, the size of a cat was another Eocene forest dweller. (They looked more like tapirs, than horses though.) Propalaeotherium was herbivorous, browsing leaves and fallen fruit. They didn't have hooves but had nail-like hooflets, four on the front and three on each back foot. Two species have been identified from the well-preserved fossils that were found in the Messel shales and at Geiseltal, Germany. Even the stomach content was so well preserved, that scientist could identify exactly what they ate! (4)