Skip to main content

E to F


Electronic mail, abbreviated e-mail or email, is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. The term e-mail applies both to the Internet e-mail system based on the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) and to intranet systems allowing users within one company or organization to send messages to each other. Often these workgroup collaboration systems natively use non-standard protocols but have some form of gateway to allow them to send and receive Internet e-mail. (


ESRI (Environmental Science Research Institute) is a leading company in GIS technology. It provides desktop to GIS server solutions and data management systems. Software products from ESRI include ArcView, ArcGIS, ArcCAD, MapObjects, ArcIMS and ArcSDE" (

Excel (Microsoft):

Excel is a spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft. Excel creates spreadsheets, in which mathematical calculations can be performed. It also allows the creation of graphs and does some basic sorting (


In GIS to extract means to select relevant rows data from a source such as an attribute table and write these to another source such as an excel file or GML.


In GIS a feature comprises an entity with a geographic location, typically describable by (for example) points, arcs, or polygons (


Find is a command that allows for the request of information, usually in the form of a search function within text, documents, programmes and websites, or in the form of a search engine that searches the web for matches to the search word(s).

Firefox (Mozilla):

A free, graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation. It was originally called Phoenix. It is now one of the most widely used web browsers (


Macromedia Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both the Macromedia Flash Player and to a multimedia authoring program used to create content for it. The Flash Player, developed and distributed by Adobe Systems (formerly by Macromedia), is a client application available in most web browsers. It features support for vector and raster graphics, a native scripting language called ActionScript and bidirectional streaming of audio and video (

Folder (directory):

In computing, a directory, catalog, or folder, is an entity in a file system, which contains a group of files and other directories. A typical file system contains thousands of files, and directories help organize them by keeping related files together. A directory contained inside another directory is called a subdirectory of that directory. Together, the directories form a hierarchy, or tree structure.

The name folder, presenting an analogy to the file folder used in offices, is common on some operating systems such as Mac OS and Microsoft Windows (


These divide parts of a single web page into two or more independent rectangular parts each called a frame. Each frame displays a separate HTML file which may be from the same or separate website (

Function Tabs:

Function tabs are generally found on software applications. These tabs provide functions, which are relevant to the software application on which one is working. They are usually found on the top of the active screen, or sometimes along its edges. They often display a drop-down menu of functions related to the wording on the tab when the mouse is moved over them or clicks them.